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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: doctor jack <>
Date: Fri, 17 Dec 2021 09:06:07 -0800

Hello, I'm STEFANO PESSINA. I'm an Italian-Monegasque billionaire
businessman and the vice-chairman, chief executive officer (CEO), and the
largest single shareholder of Walgreens Boots Alliance. Due to this current
situation (Coronavirus) that's spreading all over the world, myself and
other 19 Italian Billionaires Donate More Than $45 Million to Fight
Coronavirus In Italy. I also pledged to give away €1,500,000.00 to
Individuals, Churches, and orphanages ETC..I have decided to donate
€1,500,000.00 to you because your email address was among the lucky
winners. If you are interested in my donation, do contact me for more info.
You can also read more about me via the link below

Warm Regard
Vice-chairman and CEO,
Walgreens Boots Alliance.
Stefano Pessina


Anti-fraud resources: