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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Zanetta Muamba <>
Date: Fri, 17 Dec 2021 16:36:36 +0000
Subject: Greetings

How is your day. mine is fine over here in Senegal, My name is Miss
Zanetta Muamba,single, 168cm tall and fair skin in complexion, Very
good looking girl that is very sharing, giving, caring and loving
girl, above all God fearing and trusted. I really want have a good
relationship with you. A relationship of deep feeling that will
construct a mutual understanding ,I'm from Central Africa and
presently I am residing in the refugee camp here in Senegal as a
result of the civil war going on in my country Central Africa. My late
father Prof. Patrick Muamba, was former Independent National
Electoral Commission (INEC). in Central Africa republic before the
rebels attacked our house one early in the morning killing my mother
and my father. It was only me that is alive now and i managed to make
my way to nearby country Senegal where i am living now in a refugee

I contacted you for help to assisting me in transferring my late
father amount 3.8 Millions dollars and 21 kilograms gold deposit with
one of the banks in South Asia.

I would like to know more about you. your likes and dislikes, your
hobbies and what you are doing presently.

I will also send you my picture by the time i receive your answer.
Please reply through my private e-mail address at

Hoping to hear from you soonest,
Miss Zanetta

Anti-fraud resources: