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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Larry Boateng" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 11 Dec 2021 19:26:25 -0800
Subject: Good Day Friend

Dear Sir
Pardon me for communicating with you through this medium
I want to front you for a transfer of the sum of US$ 21,500,000.00  into your foreign account outside the shore of the Republic of Ghana. This fund resulted from an over-invoiced bill from a contract awarded by the Ghana government under the Ministry of work and housing The contract has been executed. Commissioned, the contractor has been paid his actual cost for the contract. A balance of US$ 21,500,000.00 as the over-invoiced amount is left in the  bank system.
You will be entitled to 40% of the total sum on your participation . If your are interested get back to me i will details you on what next to move forward
Mr.Larry Boateng

Anti-fraud resources: