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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Andy Leonardo <>
Date: Sun, 12 Dec 2021 01:28:52 -0800

Attention please.
However, I am contacting you at this place because. I find it best
and most convenient to explain why I am contacting you. I am Mr. Andy
Leonardo, Special Counsel to the United States. I work hand in hand
with the Fraud Department of the Criminal Investigation Division (CID)
of the United States. I specialize in background research on funds
Consignment Box, Lotto® JACK, LOANS] and I have noticed that you have
received numerous emails from people claiming they have funds with you
. However, I would advise you, if you are still in contact with any
of them regarding the issue of funds, to advise you to immediately
stop all communications, as these individuals have been investigated
and confirmed as fraudulent.

I would like to announce our successful investigation that took place
a few days ago. I think you will be interested to know why this
investigation was carried out. For your information, it has actually
been confirmed that you have a 100% legitimate unpaid transaction and
that you are entitled to use these funds, as it has been confirmed
that you are the correct beneficiary of said amount of $ 10.5 million.
in the delivery of these funds, your funds have now increased to $
12.5 million which has been approved for payment by the Federal Bureau
of Investigation (FBI) here in the United States.

You Are Meant To Reconfirm Back To Me Your Full Details Are Required Such As;

1 Full Name
2 Home Address
3 Email Address
4 Occupation
5 A Copy Of Your Passport
6 Direct Phone Number

I'm bringing this to you today because I found out that you are not
contacting a legitimate person who is responsible for delivering these
funds to you. However, this ad should be disclosed to you, as it may
have been scammed by unscrupulous people to whom you sent money for
one or another fund that is not real. That is why I decided to help

Anti-fraud resources: