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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Paul .B.Samson" <>
Date: Sun, 12 Dec 2021 02:08:31 +0100
Subject: Your attention needed urgently!


My Dear Friend,

I am Mr.Paul .B.Samson a personal lawyer to Eng Edmond William who died in
Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 crashed on 8 March 2014

I am contacting you to assist me in retrieving the Sum of (USD7.2M) Seven
Million Two Hundred Thousand United States Dollars which my client
deposited in a Bank before his sudden death before being confiscated by the
Bank due to there was no name attached as next of kin.

Please, if you are interested to work with me get back to me for more


Mr.Paul Samson

Please Kindly Direct your respond to my personal email (

Anti-fraud resources: