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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "International Monetary Funds." <>
Date: Sat, 11 Dec 2021 20:22:13 +0100

International Monetary Fund
700 19th St NW, Washington,
DC 20431, United States.

Good day;

This E-mail is to inform you that a power of attorney was forwarded to
our office by a lady and she is a citizen of United States of America
by the name Mrs. Angela Smith Ashford. The woman claimed to be your
representative and this power of attorney stated that you are dead
after brief illness and she brought account to replace your
information in other to claim your fund of $2,500,000 dollars which is
now lying dormant and unclaimed, below is the new account she

Bank: Citi Bank
Account#: 6503809428.
Routing: 122006743
Her Address: 4869 longmeagow Drive Birmingham ,Alabama, 35022.

Be further informed that this power of attorney also stated that you
suffered and died of a throat cancer. Although we believe this to be
FICTITIOUS but You are therefore given 24HRS to confirm the truth in
this information, if you are still alive, you are to contact us
immediately, because we work 24HRS just to ensure that we monitor all
the activities going on in regards to the transfer of beneficiary’s
inheritance and contract payment.

E-mail us directly on ( ) for clarifications on this
matter as we shall be available 24HRS to speak with you and give you
the necessary guidelines on how to ensure that your payment gets to
you immediately and also be inform that any further delay from your
side could be dangerous, as we would not be held responsible for any
wrong payment.

Here is the means for you to receive your pending fund and you are to
make a choice.

1. ATM Card
2. Postal Order
3. Bank Transfer
4. Online Banking

Meanwhile; you are required to re-confirm your personal information
below with the fee of $25.00 dollars to update your file and also
$75.00 for affidavit and then we will make proper arrangements to
ensure that you receive your fund without no problem and it's 100%
assured that you will not have to pay a hidden fees to receive your
fund worth $2,500,000.00 but only $100 to receive it.

(1) Full Name:
(2) Country/State:
(3) Delivery Address:
(4) Telephone Number:

The required protocol for you to send the Affidavit and activation fee
is to buy an AMERICA EXPRESS GIFT CARD of $100 or you can buy any gift
card of your choice okay. Once the American Express gift card is been
purchased, please try and attach a clear picture of the front & back
of the card and the cash receipts to enable us to forward the
information's to the paying bank.

Best Regards,
International Monetary Funds.

Anti-fraud resources: