fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Chris Dan <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 11 Dec 2021 15:49:13 +0100
My name is Chris Dan from United Parcel Service (DHL) Company, United
States Of America.
I would like you to know that you have a package in my company here
The package was sent to my office by United Nations World Compensation Embassy,
The package contained ATM card worth sum of 50 million Dollars sealed
as written in the letter that came with your package.
All you need to do is forward to us your information correctly to
ascertain fast delivery and prevent wrong delivery,
The delivery is ready now and you will receiveyour package within 24
hours if you follow my instruction strictly and carefully.
Therefore you need to contact us as soon as youreceive this message.
Thanks for your optimum co-operation.
UPS tracking will be issued to you once we make the shipping.
Kindly fill out the information below::
(1) Full name ---
(2) Phone line ---
(3) Country ---
(5) Age/sex ---
(6) Home address ---
To Your Service,CHRI DAN,DHL director.