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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Kristina Lubke <>
Date: Sat, 11 Dec 2021 12:50:31 +0000
Subject: God bless you dear,

I am Kristina Eliane Lubke, married to the late Mr. Jude Lubke, who was a
businessman and a politician here. Before his death we deposited the sum of
$4.6 million dollars in one of the banks here. I am very sick and diagnosed
with a serious illness, I decided to donate this fund to an honest person,
to support disabilities and humanity, to fulfill the vow I made with my
late husband.

I will give you more details as soon as I hear from you.

God bless you,
Kristina Eliane Lubke.

Anti-fraud resources: