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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Afzzal Ahmed <>
Date: Sat, 11 Dec 2021 13:12:52 +0300
Subject: Assaalamu Alaikkum

Assaalamu Alaikkum my dear friend,
I am Mr Afzzal Ahmed, the chief operating officer with my bank, there
is an abandoned fund from late President Muammar Gaddafi of Libya that
was been deposited in our bank for years ago before he was been killed
during the Libya War, the sum of US$67.3 million, i need your
assistant as a foreign partner to come in for the bank to move the
fund to your designated bank account, we shall share the money in the
ratio of 60:40%.

Please send your full names, direct telephone numbers, and home
address, more details of the form will be given upon your reply. Your
quick response will be highly appreciated.
Yours sincerely,
Mr.Afzzal Ahmed

Anti-fraud resources: