fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Patrick & Frances Connolly" <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 11 Dec 2021 00:03:07 -0800
Dear, Kindly accept Our Donation of this Amount Â£3,000.000,00
We contacted social media and the major online platform to identify
random people with your email address selected as a benefactor. We
sincerely ask you to be our correspondent to reach other victims near
you by helping with food and drugs and other less privileges to make a
living with part of this donation. Below you will find a link to our
press review of our winning videos and the winning presentation.
To claim your donation, please provide me with the following
information for review before transferring the donation.
your family name:
your phone number:
Your country of residence:
Your home address:
and your bank account details of the account with which you would like
to receive the donation.
Mrs. Frances Connolly.