fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- "executive governor" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "MR. GODWIN EMEFIELE" <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 11 Dec 2021 04:52:05 +0100
Subject: CBN DEBT PAYMENT NOTICE OF YOUR FUNDS
Central Bank of Nigeria ,
Plot 33, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Way Central
Business District, Cadastral Zone, Abuja ,
Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria.
P.M.B. 0187, Garki Abuja.
Hello my name is Mr Godwin Emefiele the new Executive Governor Of The
of Nigeria (CBN) and the Executive Chairman of "E.C.D.R".I discovered your
name and email address (in the Central Computer among the list of unpaid
contractors, inheritance next of kin and lotto beneficiaries that was
originated from Africa (Nigerian Government) Europe, Asia Plus Middle east,
Americans) among the list of individuals and companies that your unpaid fund
has been located to a suspense account.Your name appeared among the
beneficiaries who will receive a payment of $15,000,000,00 Million and has
been approved already for Payment. Last Monday two foreigners (Mr. David L
Smith and Mr. John Shook) visited my office on your behalf and stated that You
and Mr.Jesus Martinez Cardona sent them to come and represent you in your
stead to inform me that they are your Representatives from United
State, whom has been working with the CBN as a beneficiary since. We
in this Bank do not understand why you sent these men to come and
Collect your Funds on your behalf.
Meanwhile you are advice to get back at us with your information's
Your full name..........
Your current phone number.......
Your current home address.......
MR. GODWIN EMEFIELE.
Executive Governor Central Bank of Nigeria .