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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Marcel Banny <>
Date: Thu, 9 Dec 2021 16:58:05 +0100

Hello, My name is Marcel Banny, I am a banker, the principal treasury
officer with one of the prime banks and I would like you to stand in as an
appointed beneficiary to my deceased client. He had a deposit of about
€16.5 Million with our bank here in Ivory Coast before his demise without
any registered next of kin and the funds now have open beneficiary mandate.
If you are interested, Please send me your email address or you can contact
me on this my private email address so I can inform you of more details
about this transaction. Yours Truly Marcel Banny

Anti-fraud resources: