fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "lagos" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Aishah N, Ahmad" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 10 Dec 2021 12:01:44 +0100
Subject: From Deputy Governor, CBN
Central Bank of Nigeria
Tinubu Square Custom Str., Tinubu Square,
Marina Rd, Lagos Island, Lagos Nigeria.
After meeting with the United Nations and World Bank organizations, it
was resolved and agreed that the Central Bank of Nigeria should
release to you without any further delay your sum of $8,500,000.00
payment holding over years by the FGN/CBN.
I have sent you several letters asking you to pay only $150 payment
file re-validation fee to release your fund to you, either by
transfer, ATM card or bank draft but unfortunately, your answer never
come back to me.
I am assuring again to send the $150 today and your $8.5m will be
release to you and no other fee will be needed from you.
Mrs. Aishah N, Ahmad
Deputy Governor, CBN