fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "to your nominated bank account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "affidavit " (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Godwin Emefiele." <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 9 Dec 2021 20:56:52 -0800
Subject: INSTRUCTION / WARNING FROM CENTRAL BANK.
*CENTRAL BANK REMITTANCE UNIT,CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT,CADASTRAL ZONE,
ABUJA,FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY,CONTRACT #: MAV/NNPC/FGN/MIN/013,Swift
Code: BPH KPL PK,A/C#: 32960612449g8PHONE : Phone : Call
+234-90245259FOREIGN REMITTANCEOur Ref: CBN/IRD/CBX/021/11You can also
reply to me on this email (firstname.lastname@example.org
<email@example.com>)INSTRUCTION / WARNING FROM CENTRAL
BANK.This is to bring to your notice from the Central Bank Remittance
Department that your outstanding contractual payment which was suspended by
the Nigerian government there by stopping the TELEX TRANSFER DEPARTMENT
topause the transfer of your contract fund to your nominated bank account.
As a result of this development verification conducted by the Finance
Ministry in conjunction with the Debt Verification Panel on your contract
case file has been endorsed for payment awaiting your confirmations. In
view of several efforts already made by us to contact you for thefollowing
reasons based on the new account submitted to this office on your
behalf:(1) My Office desks have just received a sworn affidavit from Mr.
RAINER HESSE of Germany to re-route your payment into a new bank account
number as stated VACAP Federal Credit Union, 1700 Robin Hood Road,
Richmond, VA 23220. Account number 32501. of Mr. RAINER HESSE.(2)The sum
of $25,000,000.00 ( Twenty Five Million US Dollars)Please, confirm to our
office if you have instructed Mr. RAINER HESSE of GERMANY to appoint an
attorney/agent on your behalf thereby asking that he receive cash call
remittance on your behalf.(3) It has come to our notice that you are being
contacted by unauthorized individuals with respect to your contract payment
but unfortunately this office is not aware of your unofficial dealings and
warned that it is at your own risk.(4) Please, also confirm if you have
authorized Mr. RAINER HESSE to change your banking particulars to the
following particulars stated below: VACAP Federal Credit Union, 1700 Robin
Hood Road, Richmond, VA23220. Account number 3250163 Also re-confirm your
Contract Number, Contract Amount,Private Telephone and Fax number, your
email address, Office or home address so that we can cross-check it with
our file records.We have decided to contact you for re-verification because
we suspected that Mr. RAINER HESSE is trying to divert your money through
the sworn affidavit into a new different bank account. You are advised to
get back to this office within 7days from today. You can also reply to me
on this email(firstname.lastname@example.org