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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Richard Alex <>
Date: Thu, 9 Dec 2021 23:45:42 +0000
Subject: From Richard

Hello Dear,

I have the pleasure to make this disclosure to you about a placement
with my institution. I am a private banker with a financial
institution in Central London. I have details of a deceased client
name who is from your Country and may be related to you. He passed
away years ago and I will like to have your permission to present you
as beneficiary of his investment of 6.4M and the estate he left
behind. Please contact me at your convenience for more details.

Best Regards,
Richard Alex.

Anti-fraud resources: