fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Mihir Patel" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 9 Dec 2021 12:54:59 -0800
Subject: Hello Your attention is needed
It would be great if you work with me on this arrangement for you will
not regret it at all.
First of all, I am contacting you for us to work on this arrangement
because you bear the same last name identity with a deceased customer
of our bank, therefore I can present you as the true next of kin to
his inheritance fund in our bank since myself as his account manager
and his personal attorney has all his files in our disposal.
I therefore reckoned that you could receive these capital as you are
qualified by your name identity. All the legal papers will be
processed and perfected to your name as the deceased true next of kin.
Please kindly get back to me for further details if you are interested
to work with me in this beneficial arrangement.
Mr. Mihir Patel
Customer relation office