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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dorothy Georgieva <>
Date: Thu, 9 Dec 2021 07:36:17 -0800

Attention Dear!!!

I am contacting you to inform you that we have concluded to effect
your Inheritance Lottery Wining payment through Western Union Money
transfer & we have sent out the first transfer of $5,000 this morning
from your Inheritance sum of $2.5 Million, therefore you need to
contact the Western Union agent David Kamakas and ask him for all the
transfer payment information & the MTCN for to you to pick it up at or
from any nearby Western Union.

Contact Agent: David Kamakas
PH: +229 61074526

contact him with your name and address ASAP. Note: our arrangement is
that they will be sending you $5000 X3 times daily, so remember to
Indicate the fund
registration code of WU-TR56005 as subject when Emailing or calling him.

Anti-fraud resources: