fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "barr." (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Barr. Mendy Swallow" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 1 Dec 2021 09:59:50 +0100
You ATM has been deposited with citi bank under the care of (Dr.John
Mark) as we discussed. Please mail him immediately to sign the
delivery of you atm. I am in uganada now. I kept a $10.500,000.00 USD
(Ten Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) ATM and will
send you the rest of the money after my business trip here. I send you
so many mails but all bounced
So mail (Dr John Mark) with the email below for him to send the ATM to
you: here is his email (email@example.com) .
Kindly re-confirm to him your personal information per as follow:
Your full name..............
Your house address ...............
Your direct phone number ...................
Your occupation ....................
Your country's name ................
Your age ...................
Bank details as he requested
Thanks and do let me know when you receive it.. Please, I have paid
for the remittance of this atm, the only Money they might demand from
you is the shipping charges which is negotiable.
Barr. Mendy Swallow