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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Elizabeth Hughes" <>
Date: Wed, 01 Dec 2021 09:11:42 +0100
Subject: Dear Sir/Madam,

Dear Sir/Madam,

According to your data here in my office (Debt Settlement Office) your
settlement/compensation cash sum of (US$10,500,000.00) has been Approved
today. To receive your due fund via Rapid Transfer (Instant Cash
please reply immediately at (............)


Sincerely Yours In Service,

Mrs. Elizabeth Hughes.
Guaranty Bank & Trust Customer Service Director.

Anti-fraud resources: