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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Louis DeJoy" <>
Date: Tue, 30 Nov 2021 11:48:48 -0800
Subject: Dear Customer,

Dear Customer,

I am Mr. Louis DeJoy, Director General of United States Postal
Service,Postal service company (USPS). We have been waiting for you to
contact us for your parcel that has been registered with us for shipment to
your residential address. We thought that the sender gave you our contact
details. It may interest you to know that a letter is also added to your

However,we cannot quote the content to you via email for privacy reasons.

We understand that the content of your parcel itself is a money order worth
US$10,500,000.00 Dollars), $20,000.00 US Dollars for each money order, copy
all in the envelope, Email me urgently with your full name and email
address. Send them to our email below (

Yours Faithfully,
Mr. Louis DeJoy
Director General of United States Postal Service

Anti-fraud resources: