fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "money gram" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Stephanie Larry" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 30 Nov 2021 01:17:36 -0800
Subject: CONTACT MONEY GRAM FOR YOUR PAYMENT
WE THE MONEY GRAM REMITTING OFFICE WE LET YOU TO KNOW THAT WE HAVE
SENT YOUR FULL COMPENSATION PAYMENT OF $3,500.000.00, TO YOU THROUGH
MONEY GRAM, YOU WILL BE
RECEIVING $5.000.00 PER DAY, NOW WE HAVE SEND THE FIRST PAYMENT TO YOU.
SO CONTACT OUR DIRECTOR Mr. Henry Murphy AND ASK HIM TO GIVE YOU THE
MONEY GRAM PAYMENT INFORMATION SO YOU WILL PICK UP YOUR FUNDS THROUGH
MONEY GRAM WITHOUT ANY
PROBLEM AND BEAR THIS IN MIND THAT YOU WILL PAY YOUR TRANSFER FEE
WHICH IS ONLY $100 SO KINDLY CONTACT THE MONEY GRAM AGENT RIGHT NOW.
EMAIL ADDRESS TO CONTACT
Tell +229 64851592
AND CONTACT HIM WITH YOUR FULL INFORMATION..
YOUR FULL NAME___
YOUR HOME/OFFICE ADDRESS___
YOUR DIRECT PHONE NUMBER___
YOUR AGE AND YOUR GENDER____
YOUR NATIONAL ID OR YOUR PASSPORT IS ALSO NEEDED____
CALL OR EMAIL HIM NOW SO THAT HE CAN PROVIDE THE MONEY GRAM
INFORMATION TO YOU AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.
Mrs. Stephanie Larry