fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Deborah Kouassi <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 30 Nov 2021 08:46:06 +0000
Subject: Hello Dear
Permit me to introduce myself to you, I am Mrs. Deborah Kouassi, am
the regional bank manager of Bank Of Africa CÃ´te d'Ivoire.
As the regional bank manager of BOA, it's my duty to send a financial
report to our head office at the end of each year but in year 2017
report, i discovered an excess profits of seventeen million united
states dollar which i have kept in suspense account without any
That is why am contacting you for us to work together to get the said
fund transfer to your bank account and the percentage ratio is forty
percent for you and sixty percent for me.
All i need from you is to stand as the depositor next of kin, so that
our bank head office will order the transfer to your designated bank
If you accept this offer to work with me, if you find this proposal
suitable for you, kindly reply your full details. I will appreciate it
very much if this proposal is acceptable by you but do not take undue
advantage of the trust I have bestowed on you and I assure you that we
shall achieve it successfully.
Mrs. Deborah Kouassi.