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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Jerry Koffi <>
Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2021 23:56:55 -0800
Subject: Dear Friend

I am glad to inform you that I have successfully concluded the
transaction, the money transferred to Dubai UAE. It was transferred
through the assistant of your country man Mr. Howard Ferraro who is a
Dubai base business man. Currently I am in London with him, my wife
and children.In appreciate of your assistance I have mapped out as a
compensation and wrote on your favor a Draft worth of
US$5,000,000.00.(Five Million United States Dollars Only) I left the
Draft with my attorney Sir. Damain.Jezu on my departure to Dubai. I
would like you therefore, to contact him on the below info so that he
can mail it to you.
attorney: Sir Damain Jezu
Jerry Koffi

Anti-fraud resources: