fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "death certificate" (this phrase is often used in inheritance scams such as next of kin or https://www.419scam.org/419-murdered-businessman.htm">orphan scams. )
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "METROPOLITAN POLICE UK" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 30 Nov 2021 04:24:03 +0000
Subject: Reply Back To Us Immediately :: firstname.lastname@example.org
METROPOLITAN POLICE UK
Greetings to you from METROPOLITAN POLICE UK., there is presently a counte=
r claims on your funds by one MR.JOHN LEWIS this morning, who is presently =
trying to make us believe that you are dead and even explained that you ent=
ered into an agreement with him before your death. He was trying to divert =
your inheritance fund (US$10,602,000.00) to his personal bank account in Ne=
w York yesterday. He told the bank that you are dead in car accident near y=
our home on the 19th of November, 2021.
Are you truly dead as he has claimed? Do you make anyone with the name Jo=
hn Lewis your next of kin? He submitted your death certificate to the bank =
and claiming that you are dead. We are currently investigating if you are d=
ead or not after the bank contacted us with the information. We need to hea=
r from you asap. He submitted your death certificate to the bank this morni=
ng and we are asked to investigate if you are truly dead or not.
Did you sign any Deed of Assignment in favor of (JOHN LEWIS), He further c=
laimed that you died on the 19/November/2021 and you have been buried, ther=
eby making him the current beneficiary with his following account details:
MR JOHN LEWIS,
B/NAME: Bank of America (B.O.A),
ADDRESS: NEW YORK, USA,
We shall proceed to issue all payments details to the said Mr. John Lewis=
, if we do not hear from you within the next two working days from today.
Kindly provide us the below information's about yourself:
Full Contact Address:
Date of Birth:
Contact Phone Number:
Contact Fax Number (if any):
Contact Email Address:
You should provide us with the above information asap, if you want to clai=
m your Fund today.
Let us know immediately you contact the bank today. Keep this email messag=
e and document confidential.
You should email us back immediately
Inspector James Olek.