fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: TNT COMPANY <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2021 08:50:19 -0800
Subject: Dear Email Owner,
Dear Email Owner,
This is to acknowledge the receipt of your message. World Bank Organization is eradicating COVID 19 lock down poverty in America,Asia,Europe,Oceania,Russia for the year 2021 and your name was among the 10 Lucky people listed.Your ATM VISA CARD of ($2.5M USD) was registered with TNT Express Delivery. You will receive it within 48
hours.Your ATM VISA CARD compensation fund will be handed over to you in person at the address you will provide to us. Note,that the CARD compensation fund must get to your address within 48 hours once you reconfirm your receiving address as demanded below;
CONFIRM YOUR DELIVERY ADDRESS BELOW AND LET US KNOW IF THERE IS ANY CHANGE:
DIRECT CELL NUMBER:___
Ask him how you can get your CARD compensation fund of (US$2.500,000.00.)
TNT Company Office
Contact Person: Mr.Jessy Ezeh
WORLD BANK PRESIDENT