fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Fredrick Carter <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2021 13:42:11 +0100
Subject: From united states IMF office
INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND AGENCY
Address: 500 N. Capitol St. NW, Washington DC 20221
United States of America,
Phone: +1 857 574 5004.
TRANSFER STOP ORDER.
This is to inform you, that you have violated the united states fund
transfer Law under section 18 paragraph 13 Article 32(A) of the
enabling Act 1980 and in strict compliance to Article 158 section (A)
of the USA foreign operation Act of 1997.We have to bring to your
notice that the Fund you are intending to transfer online into your
bank account from United states Of America have being STOP, required
your IMF Pin Code.
Your are to secure your Pin Code Transfer from this office, before you
will complete the operation of this transaction online or wired
transfer into your bank account in your country. The united States IMF
Pin Code and your Transfer TAX for $3,million dollars above is $25
dollars and it get to be paid before your transfer Pin Code will be
generated and send to your bank to complete your transfer.
Contact your Bank for more information.
CC;To United States Treasury Dept,
CC;To United States IMF Agency
CC:To United States Stanbic Bank Of America
Please the First Email is a Mistake in the Name.