fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Rosemary"<email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2021 04:30:01 -0800
Subject: Hope To Hear From You
Attn, I hope you are safe from the Covid19 pandemic. I am obliged to commun=
icate to you through this medium as the head of the Legal Unit,LACAIXA Bank=
AVENIDA DIAGONAL 621-629. City, BARCELONA.08028, Spain.The bank has your p=
ersonal details as the next of kin to our deceased customer with the follow=
ing details: Mrs. Rosemary Rio