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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Richard joe <>
Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2021 01:37:02 -0800
Subject: Attention

I a writing to confirm the fact if you are (DEAD) or (ALIVE)
and failure to reply back in the next 24hrs simply means what Mr Jude Betsy
said about you was perfectly right and truth that you are dead and
also Mr Jude Betsy
has agreed to pay the needed charge fee valued of fee required for the
Airport Clearance Certificate
Fee of your consignment box , but we have not gotten the money from him yet
as we want to find out if you are DEAD or not, so if you are still (ALIVE)
you are advice in your own best interest to reply back, The only money
you will pay to our office here is just fee for the paper works, Take
note of this now,
so we can stop further communication with Mr Jude Betsy once we hear from you,
that you still alive and deliver the (Consignment Box)
to your door step being the original benefactor of the $10.5 Million
US Dollars.
Be the reassurance that once we hear from you with this payment
information of fee i promise that your delivery will takes

Anti-fraud resources: