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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Admin" <>
Date: 29 Nov 2021 09:11:39 +0000
Subject: Confirmation For SSL Installation From

Secure Messaging


As a part of security processes, the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificate in place to ensure your email are securely delivered will expire on November 29th 2021. Prior to this date, we will install a new SSL certification.

Note: This security update requires action from your device to complete installation. Click the below button to confirm authorization.


Further messages might be prevented if any of the above actions are not performed.
This email was sent from Mail Center.

Anti-fraud resources: