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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr David Gilbert <>
Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2021 07:19:47 +0000
Subject: Hi Friend !!

Dear Friend, kindly reply to me urgently.

Compliments of the day to you; Firstly, I apologize for sending you
this sensitive information via e-mail instead of a certified
post-mail. Well, my name is Mr. David Gilbert, a solicitor and
personal finance lawyer based here in Accra Ghana on contract with the
Ghana National Petroleum Corporation, Oil and Gas. Though I did a lot
of web search before choosing your contact from your country's website
and business online register, it is with trust and sincerity that I
approach you for assistance in a business project for investment
purposes in your country.

However, I seek your concept to present you as the foreign executor
next of kin to my deceased client who made a deposit of
US$15,000,000.00 (Fifteen Million United State Dollars only) with a
finance firm here, since you are at an advantage bearing the same last
name with my deceased client, so that the proceeds of the deposit
funds valued at US$15,000,000.00 (Fifteen Million United State Dollars
only) to be paid to you and we shall both share the funds amicably
(55% Fifty five percent goes to me while 40% forty percent will be for
you and the remaining 5% will be for any incurred expenses and for
donation to charitable organizations.

So in all faithfulness, I have all the necessary legal documents that
will be used to back up any claim we will make, all I require is your
honest co-operation to enable us to see this project go through and I
guarantee you that this will be executed under a legitimate
arrangement, so if you are interested and sincere we can proceed
further with this transaction which is hundred percent (100%) risk
free, so if you are interested and can be trusted then kindly affirm
your willingness and let me know immediately, so that I will give you
the comprehensive details about the transaction as to enable us to
proceed further.

I shall be waiting for your reply regarding this subject.

Thank you and best regards,

Yours Truly,
Mr. David Gilbert.

Anti-fraud resources: