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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: John Beckley <>
Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2021 12:42:12 +0800
Subject: Project Financing / Loan

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am the investment officer of an investment company who is ready to fund
projects in the form of debt finance. Our company grants loans to both
corporate and private entities at a low interest rate of 3% ROI per year.
The terms are very flexible.

Kindly revert back if you have projects that need funding for further
discussion and negotiation .


John Beckley

Anti-fraud resources: