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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr John Kelly <>
Date: Sun, 28 Nov 2021 16:17:14 -0800
Subject: Attention: Beneficiary


We have deposited the check of your fund (US$5,000,000.00) through
Money gram department after our final meeting regarding your fund, All
you will do is to contact Money gram Mr.Jonh Kelly via
E-mail:( will give you direction on how you will
be receiving the funds daily.Remember to send him your Full
information to avoid wrong transfer such as:

1. Your Full name,____________________
2. Your home Address,__________________
3. Your direct phone number,_______
4. A copy of your ID card,_______________
5. Your age/sex,________________________
6. Your country,________________________
7. Your occupation,______________________

Though, Joseph Orah Wong has sent $5,000 in your name today so contact
Mr.Jonh Kelly as soon as you receive this email and tell him to give
you the Reference Number,senders name question and answer to pick the
$5,000 Please let us know as soon as you received all your fund,

Best Regards
Mr.Jonh Kelly

Anti-fraud resources: