fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Jill Biden <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 28 Nov 2021 21:51:49 +0100
i bill Biden my wife Melinda Jill Biden Has choose you
to receive $50,000.00 million Dollars Cash from us as part of your 2021Charity
Donation Fund We're empowering you to become rich and take care of
your families and achieve your goals and to help others, Our charity
foundation has help so many people around the world, You will receive
your Donation Fund in cash form through FedEx Delivery right now
contact us with your home address and your name for delivery of your
Donation Fund immediately. Thanks for accepting our offer
Regards Jill Biden
Jill Biden office I love to help