fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "CHRISTOPHER A. WRAY" <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 27 Nov 2021 21:28:08 -0800
WELCOME TO DHL COURIER COMPANY.
Your ATM Card of $10.5 million USD has been approved and was deposited
with DHL delivery company this morning for registration, and we agreed
up that the delivery of Your $10.5 Million USD ATM Package will take
off Monday morning So contact with your full info where your ATM card
will be delivered to,
(1) Full name---------
(2) Mobile Number:--------------
(3) Direct telephone number------
(4) Country of origin:--------
(5) Your Current delivery address:----
(6) Occupation: sex-----
(7) City -------------------
(8) occupation _____
Urgent to get back to us today with your full address where your ATM
card will be delivered to because I will not be in the office next
week: The amount in your Card is US$10.5 Million and your Pin code is:
Mr. EDWARD ZANDA.
From DHL courier delivery company.