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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Mark Carney" <>
Date: Sat, 27 Nov 2021 21:01:35 -0800
Subject: Attn: Sir/Madam,

Attn: Sir/Madam,

We are glad to inform you that your compensation funds of Eight
Million, Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars Only
{US$8,500,000.00} has been converted into cash and packaged in a
consignment. The United Nations diplomatic agent is in the United
States with the consignment, all you need to do now is to contact the
diplomatic agent in United States with your full name, delivery
address and telephone numbers so he can deliver your consignment to
your door-step without any further delay. Details of the diplomatic
agent listed below:
Pls contact us through this, below

Name: Mark Carney

Congratulations once more.


Mr. Richard Markham

Anti-fraud resources: