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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Peter Johnson <>
Date: Sat, 27 Nov 2021 14:41:08 -0800
Subject: Dear Friend.

*Dear Friend.How are you today and I hope you are doing very fine?Before I
introduce myself, I wish to inform you that this letter is not a hoax mail
and I urge you to treat it serious.This letter must come to you as a big
surprise, but I believe it is only a day that people meet and become great
friends and business partners. Please I want you to read this letter very
carefully and I must apologize for barging this message into your mailbox
without any formal introduction due to the urgency and confidentiality of
this business and I know that this message will come to you as a surprise.
Please this is not a joke and I will not like you to joke with it OK, with
due respect to your person and much sincerity of purpose, I make this
contact with you as I believe that you can be of great assistance to me.Let
me properly introduce myself to you and your company, I am Mr Peter Johnson
a security officer and special representative of Front of Liberation of
Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC) from the rich diamond/oil district of Cabinda,
Northern Province of Angola presently I am residing in the UK.I have in my
position the sum $20,000,000.00 (TWENTY MILLION UNITED STATES DOLLARS ONLY)
that I am seeking your assistance to move out from UK and invest in your
company/country, for the future benefit of my family because of economics
instability in my country, this investment will be under your care and
management, I prefer to enter into joint venture with you if that would
suit you , You can see <> so you
will understand my urgent need to send this fund overseas to invest for my
family and extended ones.My people are being killed every day in Tchiowa as
we live in misery from USA Companies like Chevron, Texaco, Halliburton and
MPLA Administrations in Angola because of God giving resources like
oil/gold/diamond that are in our land.Please note that my position demands
absolute confidentiality on this matter. Do inform me of your procedure and
further arrangement as I will be migrating to your country with me and my
family during the investment .I shall be waiting to hear from you through
the email address ( <>) for more
orientation, possibly with your direct telephone number .Your early
response will be appreciatedRegards,Mr. Peter Johnson*

Anti-fraud resources: