fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Webmail, South Africa; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
- please kindly respond via these optioned emails-: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org best regards. mr. philip (Webmail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: BAYPORT FINANCE <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 26 Nov 2021 15:19:15 +0200
I am Mr. Philip Gambah, a lawyer by profession in South Africa ,I have
a mutual business proposal for you and me . I have a client who died
of Covid. My proposition to you is to seek your consent to present you
as the Next of kin to my deceased client and beneficiary so that the
proceeds of this account valued at US$5.5million can be paid into your
account, so we can share the amount on a mutually agreed percentage of
50% for me 50% for you.
All legal documents to back up your claim as the deceased Next of Kin
will be provided by me if interested Kindly respond with your Name,
Private Phone Number, Nationality & Age
Please kindly respond via these optioned emails-:
Mr. Philip Gambah
Tel/Watsap:+27 73 476 9579