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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Josef Hopfinger." <>
Date: Fri, 26 Nov 2021 02:58:35 -0800
Subject: Investor specifically for a cash loan.

Hello deay,

Are you having one or two difficulties from other financial instrument lenders?

As regards to secure the acquisition of BG/SBLC for project financing.
I am direct to a private investor specifically for a cash loan.

As a professional in this industry with over 20years experience, I
will advise that you seek a cash loan instead of a BG/SBLC. Note that
in the market today it is IMPOSSIBLE to get a genuine BG/SBLC from any
of the AAA rated banks. All you have flying around are 100% fakes.

Also, when you get a genuine BG/SBLC (which is almost impossible), it
will be very difficult for you to monetize it at the same face value
issued thereby running short of funds. I hope you know that not all
platforms or countries accept BG/SBLC, thereby making it worthless.
The lease fee for a genuine BG is 35% while for purchase is 52%.
Compare this cost to the interest rate of 3% in acquisition of a cash
loan; you would agree with me that getting a cash loan is far better.

Moreover, our loan (Company) will give you the loan at an interest
rate of 3%. if interested do not hesitate to contact me to direct you
to the loan company.


Josef Hopfinger.

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