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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Fri, 26 Nov 2021 10:40:40 +0000

Good day,
I know this message might meet you in utmost surprise. However, it's
just my urgent need for a foreign partner. I would like to know if
this proposal will be worthwhile for your acceptance. I need your
honest assistance to actualize my humanitarian project. Sadly, I am
critically down with terminal sickness and on the verge of death. I
want you to utilize my inheritance funds, Three million one hundred
and Fifty thousand united states dollars ($3,150,000.00) for a charity
purpose in your country as soon as you receive these funds. It will be
my greatest joy to conclude this project with you before I die.
Further details shall be provided to you upon your response to my
Your positive response shall be appreciated. Contact my private email
address below for more details. (

Yours sister,
Mrs.Sarah Paker.

Anti-fraud resources: