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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Diana Markus <>
Date: Fri, 26 Nov 2021 01:23:25 -0800

Good day my dear,
How are you doing and your family.
My name is Mrs. Diana Markus, a sick woman writing from hospital bed
due to dangerous cancer and stroke disease that attacked me. I want to
donate $2,900,000.00 MILLION USD to help the Poor People, Abused
Children, Less Privileged, Churches, Orphanages and Suffering Widows
in the society.

Please get back to me immediately after reading this message for more
details regarding this humanitarian agenda.

God bless you while I'm waiting for your answer.
Your sister.

Mrs. Diana Markus.

Anti-fraud resources: