fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: TROY MILLER <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 25 Nov 2021 21:34:54 -1000
Subject: GREETINGS !!!
My name is Mr, Troy Miller custom Director. I am writing on a respect
of you funds here in my custody. I'm contacting you to inform you that
the newly elected president of the United States Joe Biden has ordered
the release of your outstanding or compensation payment of $18.3
Million which was supposed to be released to you in April 2018 but was
delayed and made elusive by the United States Treasury officials who
are in charge of the release of your fund in 2018. so am contacting
you regarding how you will receive these funds kindly confirm your
details including your
I requested above to avoid wrong proceeding of your funds. Thank you
USA Treasury Department.