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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Owen Fermore <>
Date: Fri, 26 Nov 2021 03:29:39 +0200
Subject: Mr. Owen Fermore

Dear Sir/Madam

We invite all interested project owners and investors to our project
financing programme. I am the investment officer of a UAE based
investment company.

We are ready to fund projects outside the UAE, in the form of debt
finance, we grant loans to both Corporate and private entities at a
low interest rate of 2.5% ROI per annul.

Kindly reply to my
Phone- and whatssapp- +44 7537 169215
Mr. Owen Fermore

Anti-fraud resources: