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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "jean bosvu" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 23 Nov 2021 03:04:00 -0800
Subject: Re:

Good Day,
This letter is intended to inform you that we have completed a thorough investigation of a transaction, or should we say, a contract, that we conducted with the Libyan oil corporation. As a result, we trust that you will assist us in receiving a contract dividend of (US$16,762,000.00) [Sixteen Million, Seven Hundred and Sixty-Two Thousand United States Dollars]
Through UNH Oil Angola, we conducted a deal of crude oil supply based on a license issued by the Libyan Oil Cooperation, however, we later discovered that the permit holder was not the rightful owner.
Please do not disregard this communication.
UNH OIL Angola is required to report any unclaimed funds for permanent closure. Since I am an executive of UNH OIL Angola, I have access to all essential information and necessary contacts to ensure that the funds can be claimed without any difficulties.
UNH OIL Angola has deposited funds in escrow in anticipation of receiving legitimate claims for disbursement. Since I was fortunate enough to acquire this information, I believe it could be the key to achieving lifetime success without taking any risks. I can be reached via private email at:, or by telephone at +244 226 425 532.
I will not disclose any further information until we receive confirmation that we are in communication with the appropriate party.
I look forward to your prompt response.
Jean Bosvu
Procurement Supervisor
Crude Oil & Products Trading Division
Tel: +244 226 425 532

Anti-fraud resources: