fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Margaret Spanglish (Mrs.)" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 26 Nov 2021 00:57:04 +0100
Subject: Please Get Back To Me
A Very Big Congratulations from the Azim Premji Philanthropies Foundation-India, where life
changing opportunities and cash are given-out on a Weekly and Monthly Basis!!!
Due to this present outbreak of the Corona Virus Pandemic, we are pleased to inform you that,
you are on this 23:11:2021 (1) of the Luckiest and Hard Working Individual/Person's to benefit
and receive a whole sum amount of One Million, Two Hundred and Twenty Three Thousand, Great
British Pounds Sterling Only (BPS 1,223,000.00) from the Wikipedia Asian Month 2021 Foundation's
Goodwill to help you start all over again with your Investment Opportunity Plans and make good
use of it to help your family and community in a more better way.
May I ask you if this message has been sent to a valid e-mail account? This email account was
among the randomly selected emails from the Azim Premij Philanthropies for the Asian Month of
November/December 2021 to receive this Investment Donation of One Million, Two Hundred and Twenty
Three Thousand, Great British Pounds Sterling Only (BPS 1,223,000.00) from this Great and Amazing
If this your email is therefore a valid e-mail account, then, kindly click reply to contact us
directly with your comprehensive information and any bio data of your identification and contact
details. For more details, please feel free to visit (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azim_Premji )
or Google Azim Premji as we have been consulting for the Azim Premji Philanthropies Foundation-
India for well over (27years). Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
Margaret Spanglish (Mrs.)
For and On-Behalf of: Azim Premji Philanthropies Foundation-India.