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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.David William" <>
Date: Wed, 24 Nov 2021 08:10:46 +0100
Subject: My Dear friend,

My Dear friend,

How are you today, i am very happy to inform you about my success in getting
those funds transfered with the help of the Pan-Africa Mortgage & Finance,
Meanwhile, I didn't forget your Past efforts in helping me that time,Now i want
you to contact my secretary on his contact information below:

Name: Hon Mr.Ben Edward
PhoneNumber:+229 99233429

Ask him to send you Cashier's Cheque for your compensation sum of ($4.5)
Million Five Hundred Thousand US Dolalrs which I kept for you as compensation
for your effort. contact him immediately you receive this mail,please do not
forget to send to him the below information:

Your Full Name:
Contact Address:
Cell Phone Number:
Do let me know as soon as you have received the Cashier's Cheque.
Best Regards,
Mr.David William

Anti-fraud resources: