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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Sat, 20 Nov 2021 21:07:40 -0800
Subject: Congratulations Funds Owner ,

International Monetary Fund
1900 Pennsylvania Avenue NW,
Washington, DC 20431, United States

Greeting Dear Friend:

It is my pleasure to inform you that
we have received an authorization
from the United State Government, to release your discovered fund to you.

Kindly contact ( with your information such as:

Your Name, Your Address, Telephone Number and your valid
Identification Card (ID Card). for the release of your discovered
funds worth $26.7 million united state dollars .

TEL: +1 202 888-5764 (TEXT, CALL and WhatsApp)

Yours Truly
Mr. Bernard Lauwers
Director Of The Finance Department
International Monetary Fund

Anti-fraud resources: