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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr christopher wray <>
Date: Sat, 20 Nov 2021 12:22:38 -1200
Subject: Attention,

How Are You Doing? I'm Mr Christopher wary. From DHL delivery Company
Here In Washington DC . I Was Sent By Bank Of America To Contact You
For Your Empowerment Fund Worthy $20 Million USD Dollars Which Am
Delivery To You. Bank Of America Sent me to deliver $20,000,000 To
You This week As Your Compensated Package. Bank Of America Has
Compensated You With 20,Million USD Dollars Contact Me With Your Full
Address For Your Money Now.
Mr Christopher wary

Anti-fraud resources: