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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "David T. Edward" <>
Date: Sat, 20 Nov 2021 16:00:53 -0700
Subject: Hello My Friend,. Re; I Need Your Sincere Cooperation

Dear Friend

Re: My Investment Plans
How are you doing today, I am Jonathan Haskell, I work with one of the
Financial Mortgage banks here in Dublin as a financial adviser,
well. I'm contacting you this way because I have a valuable crucial
business opportunity that would benefit both of us in the near future
that i really want to discuss with you.

The call-up capital is very significant. A risk free business be rest
assured, its an investment project, but After receiving your thoughts
and consideration, further information will be provided to you on the
investment project plan in your country.

Please confirm your interest via my private Email only:

Thank you for the understanding

Yours Regards,
Mr Jonathan Haskell

Anti-fraud resources: