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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: ''Mr Raymond Nelson'' <>
Date: Sun, 21 Nov 2021 05:01:18 +0800
Subject: Hallo



Ich bin Roy Wang aus Hongkong. Der Grund, warum ich Sie per E-Mail kontaktiert habe, war, Sie über einen Geschäftsvorschlag zu informieren, den ich gerne mit Ihnen bearbeiten möchte. Es gibt eine Transaktion, die ich privat mit Ihnen besprechen möchte und die sich auf Ihren Nachnamen bezieht. Antworten Sie mit Ihrer E-Mail-Adresse und Ihrem vollständigen Namen, damit wir privat kommunizieren können, oder kontaktieren Sie mich einfach per E-Mail ( für weitere Informationen.

Roy Wang

Anti-fraud resources: