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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Nikolas Buhler" <>
Date: Sun, 21 Nov 2021 03:47:28 +0800
Subject: Re: Your information

For your information

I hope this email finds you well. I am Mr.Nikolas Buhler, a Consultant with GF International. A client of mine is looking to invest her family assets valued at $86 Million USD for overseas investment mostly within your region into any profitable business project over a period of 15 years.

I am reaching out to you if you are capable of managing the funds on a well-arranged investment package and a profitable business that can generate at least a 3% - 4% return on investment annually.

Note that any valid and secured investment that will meet up the investor's expected return on investment will be acceptable. Let me know if you are interested in this offer then I can give you more details.


Mr. Nikolas Buhler
Senior Executive


Anti-fraud resources: